X-plosive. & Multi Platinum Producer |Grammy nom.| C/B [Booba,LilNasX,RafCamora,NickiMinaj, Future,JohnLegend,Sido,Savas, Soprano,Metrickz] 1/2. Hier bekommen Sie alles rund ums Dampfen Vom Aroma über Liquids, Basen, Tropfflaschen, Startersets bis hin zum Verdampfer. The latest Tweets from X-plosive (@xplosivebeats). & Multi-platinum Producer, Grammy nom.| Credits: Booba, LilNasX, Jason Derulo, Soprano, Nicki Minaj.
Producer Spotlight: X-plosiveThe latest Tweets from X-plosive (@xplosivebeats). & Multi-platinum Producer, Grammy nom.| Credits: Booba, LilNasX, Jason Derulo, Soprano, Nicki Minaj. X-plosive, Chemnitz, Germany. likes · 2 talking about this. Multiplatinum Producer whippleart.com whippleart.com X-plosive, auch X-plosive Beats, ist ein deutscher Musikproduzent und Songwriter.
Xplosive Navigation menu VideoXXPLOSIVE X BETWEEN THE SHEETS X-plosive, auch X-plosive Beats, ist ein deutscher Musikproduzent und Songwriter. X-plosive, auch X-plosive Beats, (* 7. Januar ; bürgerlich Thomas Kessler) ist ein deutscher Musikproduzent und Songwriter. X-plosive. & Multi Platinum Producer |Grammy nom.| C/B [Booba,LilNasX,RafCamora,NickiMinaj, Future,JohnLegend,Sido,Savas, Soprano,Metrickz] 1/2. X-plosive, Chemnitz, Germany. likes · 2 talking about this. Multiplatinum Producer whippleart.com whippleart.com The legal summary is "An Act to prohibit the manufacture, distribution, storage, use, and possession in time of war of explosives, providing regulations for the safe Midaur No Deposit, distribution, storage, use, and possession of the same, and for other purposes". Current Pro League. Binary explosive Blast injury Finish Salz dog Detonation velocity Fireworks Flame speed Gunpowder Improvised explosive device Insensitive munition Largest artificial non-nuclear explosions Nuclear weapon Orica ; largest supplier of commercial explosives Pyrotechnics Relative effectiveness factor. However, if Veravegas is increased to the extent that individual crystals are crushed, the explosive may become more sensitive. Countless high-explosive compounds are chemically possible, but commercially and Logdown GГјtersloh important ones have included NGTNTTNX, RDXHMXPETNTATBand HNS. It is an internationally accepted system that communicates using the minimum amount of markings the primary hazard associated with a substance. Gears Esports Split 1 Pro League. Retrieved on Though early thermal weaponssuch as Greek firehave existed since ancient times, the first widely used explosive in warfare and Lotto Nz Online was black powderinvented in 9th century in China by Song Chinese alchemists. Thus, explosives are substances that contain a large amount of energy stored in chemical bonds. Yes, you read Jackpot Madness Slots correctly. In practice, most of Xplosive explosives on the market today are sensitive to an n. Latest Videos. As a practical measure, primary explosives are sufficiently sensitive that Aol Kundendienst can be reliably initiated with a blow from a hammer; however, PETN can also usually be initiated in this manner, Game Joker this is only a very broad guideline.
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June 3, View More Event Spotlights. View Xplosive's Blog. In contrast, some materials are merely combustible or flammable if they burn without exploding.
The distinction, however, is not razor-sharp. Certain materials—dusts, powders, gases, or volatile organic liquids—may be simply combustible or flammable under ordinary conditions, but become explosive in specific situations or forms, such as dispersed airborne clouds , or confinement or sudden release.
At its roots, the history of chemical explosives lies in the history of gunpowder. Gunpowder was the first form of chemical explosives and by , the Chinese were using explosives for the first time in warfare.
The Chinese also inserted live rats inside the bamboo fire crackers; when fired toward the enemy, the flaming rats created great psychological ramifications—scaring enemy soldiers away and causing cavalry units to go wild.
Though early thermal weapons , such as Greek fire , have existed since ancient times, the first widely used explosive in warfare and mining was black powder , invented in 9th century in China by Song Chinese alchemists.
This material was sensitive to water, and it produced copious amounts of dark smoke. The first useful explosive stronger than black powder was nitroglycerin , developed in Since nitroglycerin is a liquid and highly unstable, it was replaced by nitrocellulose , trinitrotoluene TNT in , smokeless powder , dynamite in and gelignite the latter two being sophisticated stabilized preparations of nitroglycerin rather than chemical alternatives, both invented by Alfred Nobel.
World War I saw the adoption of TNT in artillery shells. World War II saw an extensive use of new explosives see List of explosives used during World War II.
In turn, these have largely been replaced by more powerful explosives such as C-4 and PETN. However, C-4 and PETN react with metal and catch fire easily, yet unlike TNT, C-4 and PETN are waterproof and malleable.
The largest commercial application of explosives is mining. Whether the mine is on the surface or is buried underground, the detonation or deflagration of either a high or low explosive in a confined space can be used to liberate a fairly specific sub-volume of a brittle material in a much larger volume of the same or similar material.
The mining industry tends to use nitrate-based explosives such as emulsions of fuel oil and ammonium nitrate solutions , mixtures of ammonium nitrate prills fertilizer pellets and fuel oil ANFO and gelatinous suspensions or slurries of ammonium nitrate and combustible fuels.
In Materials Science and Engineering, explosives are used in cladding explosion welding. A thin plate of some material is placed atop a thick layer of a different material, both layers typically of metal.
Atop the thin layer is placed an explosive. At one end of the layer of explosive, the explosion is initiated.
The two metallic layers are forced together at high speed and with great force. The explosion spreads from the initiation site throughout the explosive.
Ideally, this produces a metallurgical bond between the two layers. As the length of time the shock wave spends at any point is small, we can see mixing of the two metals and their surface chemistries, through some fraction of the depth, and they tend to be mixed in some way.
It is possible that some fraction of the surface material from either layer eventually gets ejected when the end of material is reached. Hence, the mass of the now "welded" bilayer, may be less than the sum of the masses of the two initial layers.
There are applications where a shock wave, and electrostatics, can result in high velocity projectiles. An explosion is a type of spontaneous chemical reaction that, once initiated, is driven by both a large exothermic change great release of heat and a large positive entropy change great quantities of gases are released in going from reactants to products, thereby constituting a thermodynamically favorable process in addition to one that propagates very rapidly.
Thus, explosives are substances that contain a large amount of energy stored in chemical bonds. Consequently, most commercial explosives are organic compounds containing -NO 2 , -ONO 2 and -NHNO 2 groups that, when detonated, release gases like the aforementioned e.
An explosive is classified as a low or high explosive according to its rate of combustion : low explosives burn rapidly or deflagrate , while high explosives detonate.
While these definitions are distinct, the problem of precisely measuring rapid decomposition makes practical classification of explosives difficult.
Traditional explosives mechanics is based on the shock-sensitive rapid oxidation of carbon and hydrogen to carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and water in the form of steam.
Nitrates typically provide the required oxygen to burn the carbon and hydrogen fuel. High explosives tend to have the oxygen, carbon and hydrogen contained in one organic molecule, and less sensitive explosives like ANFO are combinations of fuel carbon and hydrogen fuel oil and ammonium nitrate.
A sensitizer such as powdered aluminum may be added to an explosive to increase the energy of the detonation. Once detonated, the nitrogen portion of the explosive formulation emerges as nitrogen gas and toxic nitric oxides.
The chemical decomposition of an explosive may take years, days, hours, or a fraction of a second. The slower processes of decomposition take place in storage and are of interest only from a stability standpoint.
Of more interest are the other two rapid forms besides decomposition: deflagration and detonation. Deflagration is a characteristic of low explosive material.
This term is used to describe an explosive phenomenon whereby the decomposition is propagated by an explosive shock wave traversing the explosive material at speeds greater than the speed of sound within the substance.
In addition to chemical explosives, there are a number of more exotic explosive materials, and exotic methods of causing explosions.
Examples include nuclear explosives , and abruptly heating a substance to a plasma state with a high-intensity laser or electric arc.
Laser- and arc-heating are used in laser detonators, exploding-bridgewire detonators , and exploding foil initiators , where a shock wave and then detonation in conventional chemical explosive material is created by laser- or electric-arc heating.
Laser and electric energy are not currently used in practice to generate most of the required energy, but only to initiate reactions.
To determine the suitability of an explosive substance for a particular use, its physical properties must first be known. The usefulness of an explosive can only be appreciated when the properties and the factors affecting them are fully understood.
Some of the more important characteristics are listed below:. Sensitivity refers to the ease with which an explosive can be ignited or detonated, i. When the term sensitivity is used, care must be taken to clarify what kind of sensitivity is under discussion.
The relative sensitivity of a given explosive to impact may vary greatly from its sensitivity to friction or heat. Some of the test methods used to determine sensitivity relate to:.
Specific explosives usually but not always highly sensitive on one or more of the three above axes may be idiosyncratically sensitive to such factors as pressure drop, acceleration, the presence of sharp edges or rough surfaces, incompatible materials, or even—in rare cases—nuclear or electromagnetic radiation.
These factors present special hazards that may rule out any practical utility. Sensitivity is an important consideration in selecting an explosive for a particular purpose.
The explosive in an armor-piercing projectile must be relatively insensitive, or the shock of impact would cause it to detonate before it penetrated to the point desired.
The explosive lenses around nuclear charges are also designed to be highly insensitive, to minimize the risk of accidental detonation.
The index of the capacity of an explosive to be initiated into detonation in a sustained manner. It is defined by the power of the detonator which is certain to prime the explosive to a sustained and continuous detonation.
Reference is made to the Sellier-Bellot scale that consists of a series of 10 detonators, from n. In practice, most of the explosives on the market today are sensitive to an n.
The velocity with which the reaction process propagates in the mass of the explosive. Today, velocity of detonation can be measured with accuracy.
Together with density it is an important element influencing the yield of the energy transmitted for both atmospheric over-pressure and ground acceleration.
Stability is the ability of an explosive to be stored without deterioration. The term power or performance as applied to an explosive refers to its ability to do work.
In practice it is defined as the explosive's ability to accomplish what is intended in the way of energy delivery i. Explosive power or performance is evaluated by a tailored series of tests to assess the material for its intended use.
Of the tests listed below, cylinder expansion and air-blast tests are common to most testing programs, and the others support specific applications.
In addition to strength, explosives display a second characteristic, which is their shattering effect or brisance from the French meaning to "break" , which is distinguished and separate from their total work capacity.
This characteristic is of practical importance in determining the effectiveness of an explosion in fragmenting shells, bomb casings, grenades , and the like.
The rapidity with which an explosive reaches its peak pressure power is a measure of its brisance. Brisance values are primarily employed in France and Russia.
The sand crush test is commonly employed to determine the relative brisance in comparison to TNT. No test is capable of directly comparing the explosive properties of two or more compounds; it is important to examine the data from several such tests sand crush, trauzl , and so forth in order to gauge relative brisance.
True values for comparison require field experiments. Density of loading refers to the mass of an explosive per unit volume.
Several methods of loading are available, including pellet loading, cast loading, and press loading, the choice being determined by the characteristics of the explosive.
High load density can reduce sensitivity by making the mass more resistant to internal friction. However, if density is increased to the extent that individual crystals are crushed, the explosive may become more sensitive.
Increased load density also permits the use of more explosive, thereby increasing the power of the warhead. It is possible to compress an explosive beyond a point of sensitivity, known also as dead-pressing , in which the material is no longer capable of being reliably initiated, if at all.
Volatility is the readiness with which a substance vaporizes. Excessive volatility often results in the development of pressure within rounds of ammunition and separation of mixtures into their constituents.
Volatility affects the chemical composition of the explosive such that a marked reduction in stability may occur, which results in an increase in the danger of handling.
The introduction of water into an explosive is highly undesirable since it reduces the sensitivity, strength, and velocity of detonation of the explosive.
Hygroscopicity is a measure of a material's moisture-absorbing tendencies. Moisture affects explosives adversely by acting as an inert material that absorbs heat when vaporized, and by acting as a solvent medium that can cause undesired chemical reactions.
Sensitivity, strength, and velocity of detonation are reduced by inert materials that reduce the continuity of the explosive mass.
When the moisture content evaporates during detonation, cooling occurs, which reduces the temperature of reaction. Stability is also affected by the presence of moisture since moisture promotes decomposition of the explosive and, in addition, causes corrosion of the explosive's metal container.
Explosives considerably differ from one another as to their behavior in the presence of water. Sign In. From Gears of War Esports Wiki.
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